Surgical treatment of ulnar collateral ligament (UCL) injuries is known as “Tommy John” reconstructive surgery, whereby a new UCL is recreated to replace the function of the injured one. The incidence of UCL injuries is rising, particularly in younger athletes. Research indicates that year-round throwing, failure to adhere to established pitch counts and pitch limits, initiating curveballs at an early age or before mastery of fastballs and breaking balls, and poor throwing mechanics are some of the causes. An experienced physician can help sort out the diagnosis as well as provide next steps for treatments or rehabilitation.
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